What Should Drivers Do in Case of Brake Failure? Essential Steps for Safety

What Should Drivers Do in Case of Brake Failure:

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Understanding Brake Systems
  3. Initial Steps to Take
  4. Using the Emergency Brake
  5. Alerting Other Road Users
  6. Steering to Safety
  7. Final Actions
  8. Conclusion
  9. FAQs


Understanding Brake Systems

Key Points:

  • Split Braking System: Most vehicles have a split system that allows partial braking if one part fails.
  • Brake Warning Light: If the brake warning light turns on, you may still have partial braking in two wheels.

Initial Steps to Take


  1. Shift to Low Gear: This helps slow down the vehicle using engine braking.
  2. Pump the Brakes: Pump the brakes quickly and repeatedly to build up brake pressure.

Using the Emergency Brake


  • Apply Slowly: Apply the emergency or parking brake gradually to avoid locking up the wheels.
  • Control Skidding: If the rear wheels lock and skid, release the emergency brake slightly until the skidding stops.

Alerting Other Road Users


  • Use Hazard Lights: Turn on your hazard lights to alert other road users.
  • Sound the Horn: Use your horn to warn pedestrians and other drivers.

Steering to Safety


  • Scan for Safe Spots: Look for a safe place off the road or an uphill road to steer into.
  • Steer Carefully: Keep your eyes on the road and steer smoothly to avoid accidents.
  • Use Roadside Objects: If necessary, scrape against a safety rail, bank, or curb to help slow down the vehicle.

Final Actions


  • Call for Assistance: Contact roadside assistance immediately.
  • Do Not Drive: Do not attempt to drive the vehicle until the brakes are fully repaired.


what should drivers do in case of brake failure


Why is it important to shift to a low gear during brake failure?

How does pumping the brakes help in case of brake failure?

What should I do if my emergency brake causes the wheels to lock?

How can I alert other drivers to a brake failure?

What should I do once my vehicle has stopped after a brake failure?

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